Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Where’s the guarantee that Mumbai will not suffer another terror attack?

Where’s the guarantee that Mumbai will not suffer another terror attack, while the government sleeps?
July 20, 2011 12:21 PM Bookmark and Share
Vinita Deshmukh (this article appeared in MoneyLife digital)

Maharashtra home department concedes in its reply to an RTI application that it has not implemented the nearly three-year-old directive of the Supreme Court to constitute the proposed security and police authorities to facilitate accountability and better governance 

It's no more a question of a 'tenacious', 'patient' or 'tolerant' Mumbai-it's been stretched beyond the elasticity of a rubber band. However, while Mumbai may have reached its breaking point, it seems that the powers-that-be would continue to let time pass and public memory fade, perhaps even do a bit of good to themselves by upgrading their own police protection.

The reason for such cynicism and underlying anger lies in the reply given by Maharashtra's home department to a query through the Right to Information Act by California-based activist and software techie Vishal Kudchadkar.

Post the co-ordinated terror attack on the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Taj Mahal Palace and Tower hotel, the Oberoi Trident hotel, Cama Hospital and Nariman House (a Jewish community centre) in November 2008, Mr Kudchadkar filed an RTI application asking for details of the implementation of the State Security Commission; the Police Establishment Board and the Police Complaints Authority, as well as details of the implementation of the Model Police Act 2006. All these reforms have been made mandatory by a Supreme Court directive in order to enhance efficiency of the police force, enforce accountability and keep political interference in the functioning of this department at bay. However, the state government has slept over these vital reforms despite another directive by the highest judicial authority, as recently as in September 2008.

Mr Kudchadkar's application, which dates back to February 2009, asks for:
1.    The names and designations of the officials who are part of the above mentioned bodies.
2.    The procedure laid out for monitoring the above mentioned bodies.
3.    The dates and minutes of meetings conducted by the above mentioned bodies.
4.    With respect to the Police Complaints Authority (both state and district),
a.    The number of complaints received.
b.    The date on which each of the complaints was received.
c.    The action taken on each of the complaints.
d.    The action taken by the state government on the recommendations made by the Police Complaints Authority (both state and district).
5.    The reports sent to the Supreme Court regarding the performance of the above mentioned bodies.
6.    The steps taken by the government to publicise the constitution and workings of the above mentioned bodies.

In its reply to Mr Kudchadkar, the public information officer of the state home ministry has admitted that, "the Government of Maharashtra received the directions from the Supreme Court on 29 September 2008 on a writ petition (number 310/96) Prakash Singh versus the Union of India. As per the directives of the Supreme Court, the Government of Maharashtra has issued a government resolution (GR) dated 25 July 2008 for 'Constitution of Police Establishment Board', 'Constitution of Police Establishment Authority' and 'State Security Commission'. These orders are available on the official website of the Government of Maharashtra. If you are not satisfied with this information, you may appeal to the appellate authority, deputy secretary, home department.''

This establishes that for vested reasons, which clearly supersede the horrendous history of seven terror attacks in 12 years and the near war-like situation in the 26/11 attack, political will has been nullified. This despite the Supreme Court ordering the state government that, "The Hon'ble Supreme Court of India, while deciding the said writ petition by its judgement dated 22.9.2006, has held that it is essential to lay down guidelines to be operative till the new legislation is enacted by state governments.'' (It is necessary to mention here that the state government received a reminder in 2008.)

In its judgement, the Supreme Court has also said that the establishment of the three boards is to "ensure that the police is accountable essentially and preliminarily to the law of the land and the people". (And, not to politicians!)

Mr Kudchadkar subsequently filed a first appeal, but without satisfactory results. He is now awaiting a reply to his second appeal to the chief state information commissioner, Maharashtra, submitted back in July 2009. Mum's the word.

What would be the implication of the establishment of these boards? 

Constitution of the State Security Commission 
The State Security Commission will exercise powers and function as follows:
1.    Advise the state government on policy guidelines to promote efficient, effective, responsive and accountable policing of the state.
2.    Assist the state government in identifying performance indicators to evaluate the functioning of the police force. These indicators shall interalia, include the operational efficiency, public satisfaction, victimsatisfaction vis-à-vis police investigation and response, accountability, optimum utilisation of resources and observance of human rightsstandards.
3.    Review periodically the performance of the police force.
4.    Recommend steps to be taken for efficient performance of preventive tasks and service-oriented functions of the police force against (a) the performance indicators as identified and laid down by the Commission itself, (b) the resources available with and constraints faced by the police.
5.    Suggest policy guidelines for gathering information and statistics relating to police work.
6.    Suggest ways and means to improve efficiency, effectiveness, accountability and responsiveness of the police.
7.    Such other functions as may be assigned to it by the state government from time to time.
(The Board would have the deputy chief minister/minister in charge of the home department as chairperson; and leader of the opposition in the state legislative assembly, chief secretary and additional chief secretary as members as well as two non-official members-one of them preferably a woman and the director general of police.)

Constitution of the Police Establishment Board 
1.    The Police Establishment Board shall decide all transfers, postings, promotions and other service-related matters of officials of and below the rank of inspector of police. However, transfers will be decided within the purview of the Maharashtra Government Servants Regulation of Transfer and Prevention of Delay in Discharge of Duties Act, 2006.
2.    The Board shall be authorised to make appropriate recommendations to the state government regarding postings and transfers of officers of and above the rank of deputy superintendent of police and the state government shall give due weightage to those recommendations.
3.    The Board shall also function as a forum of appeal for disposing off representations from officers of and below the rank of police inspector regarding their promotions, transfer, disciplinary proceedings, or their being subjected to illegal or irregular orders subject to the provisions of further appeal to the government under existing rules and regulations.
4.    The Board shall be authorised to make appropriate recommendations to the state government on the grievances received from the police officer of and above the rank of deputy superintendent regarding their promotions, disciplinary proceedings and other service matters after analysing the same according to prevailing rules and regulations.
5.    The Board shall generally review the functioning of the state police.
6.    The Board shall exercise such other functions as may be assigned to it by the state government from time to time.

(The Board would have the director general of police as chairperson, and additional director general of police (establishment); additional director general of police (law & order); commissioner of police, Mumbai; inspector general of police (establishment) as members. Such a Board should also be established at district levels.)

Constitution of police complaints authorities 
1.    Look into the complaints against police officers of the rank of deputy superintendent of police/asst commissioner of police and above in respect of misconduct, dereliction of duty, misuse of power, corruption, negligence, or any other matter which may be referred to it by the state government.
2.    Require any person to furnish information on such points or matters as in the opinion of the authority may be useful for or relevant to the subject matter of inquiry.
3.    Make appropriate recommendations to the state government on any case inquired into by it.

(The chairman of the Board will be a retired judge of the Mumbai High Court or a retired police officer of the state government who has held a post in the rank of director general of police, or a retired officer who has worked as chief secretary/additional chief secretary/principal secretary in the state government. The members will include an officer of the rank of secretary to the state government, a person of eminence appointed by the state government and an officer not below the rank of additional director general of police nominated by the government.)

Clearly, while heads must roll and the home ministry must be grilled for yet another terror attack, police reforms are the key to improving governance and law enforcement. However, most state governments are dilly-dallying, despite the strong Supreme Court order. For the record, former IPS officer Prakash Singh and others had filed a writ petition after the central government slept over an eight-part report of the National Police Commission (NPC) 1981.

(Vinita Deshmukh is a senior editor, author and convener of Pune MetroJagruti Abhiyaan. She can be reached at

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RNandakumar 6 days ago
Thank God there is supreme court but for whom even the 2G Scam would have disappeared without a trace. All Mumbaikars should start demanding action. If by that action evidence is found of the involvement of elements of POK then India should act militarily to cleanse the area of the pests. Pak and China might protest. We should care two hoots for such a protest. I am sure UK, USA, Japan and Europe would support us in view of their recent experience of Binladen by USaction. Israel should be our partner in action. Maharashtra should compul MMS that India has guts.
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Narendra Doshi 6 days ago
Inspiring efforts by an NRI for we Indians brought in focus by none other than tireless Vinita Madam.
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captainjohann 6 days ago
There will be attacks in future also as long as the Media is obsessed with irrelevant things like Murdocch. There was one Jawan who was killed in J&K the day Murdoch was being grilled, nobody bothered about him, his family or even his Name. But this Rebecca brooks is in my memory and i condemn the Indian visual and print media for this blasphemy.Police reforms is not the solution which will rreplace politicians with ips officers.What we need strengthening the Beat constable and also SHOs.
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Nitin Kirtane 6 days ago
After 26/11, now 13/7 , and a new attack on Mumbai still no answers from our leaders , same old excuses , when will they wake up , take away their security and then they will understand , if there are no proper implementations we will have another attack, why no implementations of the Pradhan committee , or atleast give police a free hand to buy latest equipments , an excellent article by Mrs Deshmukh and at this crucial time to take up this issue , keep up the good work ,
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vishwas 6 days ago
another incisive article by Vinita.Let us hope someone in Govt is listening.we desperately need some Governance we cannot go on drifting aimlessly too long.
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Government loses crores of rupees worth of royalty from quarrying

Government loses crores of rupees worth of royalty from quarrying; international traders rake it in
July 13, 2011 11:57 AM Bookmark and Share 
Vinita Deshmukh (this appeared in MoneyLife digital)

An RTI query has revealed that Pune has no record of royalty from quarrying, that has caused loss of at least Rs2,000 crore. Global traders are selling precious mineral stones from quarries across Maharashtra—each miniature costing between $300-$3,000 

Pune city leads in construction activity in the country and the 698 quarries in the district is an apt reflection of it. Being tucked in the basin, Pune is surrounded with hills which have become prime targets not only for indiscriminate and illegal quarrying (there are nearly 300 quarries operating, though the validity of their license is over) but also for alleged illegal sale of rare and exquisite mineral stones found in the quarrying sites particularly that of the Wagholi and Pashan neighbourhood of Pune. These are openly sold through Internet sites across the world: (, being a couple of leading sites.

While other countries are extremely strict about quarrying rules and regulationsthe example of Pune portrays the complete disregard to this aspect which also has serious environmental repercussions besides indiscriminate looting of natural mineral wealth-this despite the fact that the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) has laid down stringent guidelines in December 2006.

 In the State of Maine, USA for example, besides strict mining laws (quarrying comes under it), site states that, ``in addition to the general land-use regulations restricting activities that impact such areas as wetlands, beaches, dunes, water bodies, significant wildlife habitat, or other environmentally sensitive areas, there are specific Maine statutes and rules about excavation, mining, and quarrying.'' These include the limited permission for quantity of quarrying, groundwater protection, natural buffer strips for protected natural resources, erosion and sedimentation control, surface water protection and storm water management, noise, dust control etc.

Right to Information activist Vijay Kumbhar was exploring the idea of suggesting to the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC), the idea of using abandoned quarries for landfill sites for the disposal of the city's garbage. For this, he conducted inspection of files under Section (4) of the RTI Act to find out the number of quarries- working and abandoned-in and around Pune and those that have been abandoned. To his utter shock, Sanjay Bamne, the mining officer in the Collector's office specially appointed to govern the quarrying operations in the district, declined information. He then filed a complaint at the Information Commission, Pune division which ordered him to make the information public.

Mr Kumbhar also sent a letter to the Collector of Pune stating that
"[A] vast number of illegal quarrying and excavation is going on in and around Pune. Large number of hills, mountains and lands are being excavated without any necessary permission. Actually all such permissions and extensions to them fall under Section (4) of the RTI Act and administration is bound by it to disseminate such information. However, when I went to the district administration for inspection of such documents, the officer didn't show me any document. Then I filed a complaint with the State Information Commission and have also filed an application under the RTI Act.

"In Wagholi, around 10 to 12 kilometres of area is being excavated for quarrying. Each quarry depth is around more than 100 metres. These quarries are visible from satellites also. Most of these quarries are running illegally.

"In Ghotawade near Paud, the Sahyadri Hills are being excavated, Katraj hill in Pune has already been destroyed.

"Pollution related norms/conditions have not been followed by any of the above. (I tried to find some information on the MPCB website, but it was updated long back on 1 September 2009).

"I don't say that every instance of digging or excavation is illegal, but if these activities are legal, why is the district administration hiding the information? What is the harm in disseminating information about how many of those are legal? Have they taken all the necessary permissions? How much royalty they have paid? Actually, all this information must be seen on the website.

"I hope you will take serious note of this letter and ask the district administration to disseminate the necessary information and take action on the illegal quarries and excavations." Thereafter, the Collector of Pune has ordered the survey of quarrying activities in Pune district.

Kumbhar states that, "I would never have known there is a scandal in this issue if the officer had supplied me the basic information of the number of abandoned quarries. The fact that he was avoiding information set me thinking about other aspects of mining rules. I found out that the excavatorhas to pay royalty charges to the district administration for quarrying purposes."

When subsequently the officer supplied information to Mr Kumbhar, it was revealed that 2,500 acres of area in Pune district is used for quarrying—which is equal to 10 crore sq ft of area. When this is multiplied by 200 per sq ft i.e., the depth of the quarry, it amounts to Rs20 crore brass. For each brass, the excavator has to pay Rs100 as royalty to the government that amounts to Rs2,000 crore—the amount of royalty so far that has not been collected by the revenue department. When he asked the officer to show the royalty payment record, he confessed that they do not keep any such records. This is but the tip of the iceberg as quarrying operations are in full swing across the length and breadth of Maharashtra. He has asked for state level information.

The district Collector's office also has no record of the blatant illegal international sale of precious mineral stones acquired from quarrying sites (mostly in Pune district) if the website is to be believed. Mining officer Mr Bamne states that the excavator must report any such mineral stones found there, but confessed that no one has approached him so far. In the meanwhile, international traders have found rare and exquisite treasure in Wagholi and Pashan of Pune, Lonavala, Narayangaon and Jalgaon.

Following is a shocking example from the website

"IND-64 (code of the mineral stone), Carvansite (name of the mineral stone) 'the burning bush'-$3000. Wagholi quarry, near Poona, Maharashtra, India. Miniature: 38 x 3.6 x 2.1 cm.'' Now, read its description as stated in the website which will give you an idea of how precious the stone is: "This is a single rosette composed of individual radiating crystals of cavansite. It exhibits an intense royal blue and is both lustrous and translucent. Aside from the very, very neat form of it, it is one of the finest canvansites for quality I have handled in 10 years and simply one of the most gorgeous of all. Competition, quality miniature this. Not just another representative example you could beat with more money. I have literally seen thousands of these things so believe me I do not rave carelessly on this.''

This website gives stunning photographs of 92 such specimens procured from Wagholi in Pune and Jalgaon. The seller's name is Rob Lavinsky. He has described practically every mineral stone with fantastic photographs, praising the high quality of mineral stones present in Maharashtra and priced them between $300 and $3000- some of them have been sold online!

While entrepreneurs across the world are looting our natural mineral treasures, the district administration is blissfully unaware of this daylight robbery. The mining officer agrees that findings of mineral stones should be reported to him but no one has done so far, at least it is not in the records.

This is a small example of the larger picture across the country where the wealth of mineral stones is being siphoned off by global commercial interests, thanks to lack of governance and passion to save this precious wealth by the relevant government bodies. It is a strong case for the Ministry of Environment and Forests to intervene in the matter and put a full stop to the brazen loot.

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B V KRISHNAN 1 week ago
What right has the Congress to critisize the BJP administration in Karnataka on illegal mining? They are turning a blind eye to what is happening in their own backyard. In earlier centuries the Britishers and Moghuls looted us - now our own politicians are continuing the loot.
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  Raja 1 week ago  in reply to B V KRISHNAN
That is how political parties want us to think. Every time there is a debate - turn it into clash of political parties. Fact is both are on the wrong side, but the discussion will surely get sidelined and that is good for these thugs.
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L ASHOK 1 week ago
It is a national ashame and if you ask the govt. one of the jalras of the govt. just like KABIL SIBAL , they will tell that the news is spread by the opposition party to destabilise the country.
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Pravinkumar Padwalkar 1 week ago
Very well studied & presented article. Hats off to Mr.Kumbhar, Ms.Deshmukh & ofcourse to you for publishing this.There is a minister who is rulling Navi Mumbai & having quarries along the Thane Belapur road, devasted entire hilly area flouting all norms & regulations for years.Unfortunately this has not been taken up like Karnataka mining operations & Lavasa case.
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Citizenindia 1 week ago
NAC gave us the path breaking RTI ACTwhich was erhaps the best piece of legislation we got in a long long time. Now please give us a strong legal framework to take the info thru RTI and put it to its logical end. I believe mr moily has set in process themuch needed judicial revamp. That willbe very welcome. We hve to get the guilty to book without creating instability. As instability and chaos are thier fodder.
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Rishi 1 week ago
Now who are the real terrorists?
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sanjay doshi 1 week ago
around 10 years ago I was going to Chhindwara in Madhya Pradesh, by car, and was surprised to see red colour soil on either side of the road. On inquiring with the driver I was told that there were huge deposits of iron ore and that most of it was being illegally mined. Who cares !
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Nitin Kirtane 1 week ago
it is sad that our natural wealth like quarries is wasted and foreigners taking undue advantage of this , Why do not we have strict mining laws like america , our government is losing out a lot , good work by mr kumbhar , an unbeleivable article by mrs deshmukh to take up this serious issue , we need good social activists like you , keep up the excellent writing
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vijay kumbhar 1 week ago
Thanks for the complements , This is happening not only in Pune but all over India, local activists must obtain information about it and pursue the matter with respective governments.
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malq 2 weeks ago
Thank you for this, very apt and timely, and congratulations to Vijay Kumbhar on his fortitude and resoluteness. Matters are even worse in the Hampi area, where the whole area is being sold, rock by rock - including rock structures dating back 1000 years and more.